Lodz Region

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The Lodz Province is situated in the centre of the country with Lodz as a capital of the region. In the 19th century, Lodz was a huge industrial centre (the biggest in the country and one of the most prominent in Europe). In 1945, it became a temporary seat of government. Currently it is an important academic and cultural centre, a metropolitan area, and a fast-growing business centre.

 

Piotrkowska Street, Lodz

 

The dominant centre of cultural life is Lodz. There are numerous art galleries and salons, the Grand Theatre, professional theatres, puppet theatres, a music theatre, and the Arthur Rubinstein Philharmonic. The majority of these institutions are of national significance, and the theatrical base is one of the biggest in Poland. Actors from the Lodz Province give performances not only locally, but also in other cities and abroad. Amateur theatres, such as the Logos Theatre, are also becoming more and more prominent. Lodz is also famous for its extensive and varied cinematographic culture (HOLLYŁÓDŹ). Graduates of the State Film, Television and Theatre School include Andrzej Wajda, Roman Polanski, Jerzy Skolimowski, Piotr Trzaskalski, Juliusz Machulski, Janusz Gajos, Krzysztof Zanussi, Kazimierz Kutz and Krzysztof Kieslowski. The Academy of Fine Arts and the Bacewicz Academy of Music greatly contribute to the region’s cultural life. These institutions have a very high educational level and animate cultural and artistic life. There are also numerous exhibitions, festival events, concerts, and artistic productions. For several years Lodz has played host to internationally recognized events, such as the International Cinematography Festival „Camerimage”.

 

Manufaktura shopping centre, Lodz

 

Manu 2Academic life in the Lodz region is concentrated in the Metropolitan Area. The capital of the Province is a very big academic and international scientific co-operation centre. 27 higher education institutions (including 6 state-owned ones) with over 100,000 students, an ever-growing number of academic staff, and a varied range of schools and departments all constitute a massive intellectual and developmental potential of the region, making it one of the leading areas in Poland. Lodz is a nationally and internationally renowned research centre for chemistry, physics, and polymer technology, as well as their applications for the production of plastic and synthetic fibres. The biggest universities in the region are the Lodz University, the Technical University, and the Medical University.

 

Uniejow geothermal water pool

 

uniejówFor many years now the Lodz region has been the biggest manufacturer of ceramic tiles in Poland, and a major producer of electrical energy. The „Belchatow” mine covers nearly half of the country’s demand for lignite. There are substantial natural resources, for instance chalk foundry and glass sands are mined near Tomaszow Mazowiecki. In the vicinity of Uniejow, on the other hand, there are rich resources of 98°C geothermal water (they are used for municipal heating, and  for tourist purposes as well).

 
 
 

The open-air ethnographic museum in Maurzyce

 

MaurzyceThe most interesting ethnographic areas of the Lodz Province include the Lowicz, Opoczno, and Sieradz regions, which draw attention with colourful traditional dresses, rich folk art (weaving, pottery, embroidery, paper cutting), as well as with continuing customs and rites. The most interesting monuments of the region include castles in Boleslawiec, Brzeznica, Inowlodz, Leczyca, Opoczno, Przedborz, Byki, Uniejow, Rawa Mazowiecka, and Piotrkow Trybunalski. Other impressive buildings of interest are palaces in Skierniewice, Walewice, Wolborz, and Nieborow. One of the most beautiful Polish churches is the Collegiate Church in Tum. The Cistercian Abbey in Sulejów is a monument unique in Europe. Other religious monuments in the Lodz region include St. Stanislaw Church in Boguszyce, Holy Trinity Church in Grebien, the former Collegiate Church in Lask, synagogues in Lodz and Piotrków Trybunalski. Unique art collections can be found in the Museum of Art in Lodz (an international collection of modern art), the Museum of History of Lodz (including the Arthur Rubinstein Gallery), the Central Textile Museum in Lodz (with the largest collection of artistic textiles in the world), the Archaeological and Ethnographic Museum (the only Polish museum collecting theatrical and puppeteering exhibits), and the Cinematography Museum (a collection of devices from the pre-cinema era). Other interesting museums in the region are: the Regional Museums in Sieradz, Opoczno, and Wielun, as well as museums in Lowicz and Leczyca.

 

Source: www.regiony.poland.gov.pl/lodzkie